The Winter Hill Gang is a loose confederation of Boston-area organized crime figures, predominately Irish-American with a small Italian-American faction. It derives its name from the Winter Hill neighborhood of Somerville, Massachusetts north of Boston. Its members have included notorious Boston gangsters Howie Winter, Gerald J. Digiovanni, Lucio R. Licciardi, James "Buddy" McLean, James J. "Whitey" Bulger, and hitman Stephen J. "The Rifleman" Flemmi. They were most influential from 1965 under the rule of James "Buddy" McLean until the notorious takeover led by James J. Bulger in the 1970s. The Winter Hill Gang did not received their title until the 1970's from journalists at The Boston Herald, although the name was hardly ever openly used as a reference to them. While Winter Hill Gang members are alleged to have been involved with most typical organized-crime-related activities, they are perhaps most known for fixing horse races in the north-eastern United States. Twenty-one members and associates, including Bulger's predecessor Howie Winter, were indicted by federal prosecutors in 1979.